Withdrawal from a painkiller starts after significant decreasing the intake or abrupt discontinuation of the medication. While the length and harshness of the symptoms would depend on the type of drug and the amount being used, symptoms will soon start to appear as quickly as one withdraws from pain medication. In severe cases, it can occur within a few hours after taking the last dose.
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Pain Medications Withdrawal Symptoms
The process of pain medication withdrawal refers to tapering down the use of painkillers or stopping altogether. There can be variations on how painkillers work in the body, but most of the time, it is the dosage and how suddenly one is coming off the drug that will determine the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
Excessive use of pain meds, ravages people’s bodies so much that it alters the circuits that are mainly responsible for reward and mood behaviors and causes damage to other systems in the body. As a result, abruptly stopping the use of a painkiller drug will lead to pain medication withdrawal symptoms.
Early Withdrawal Symptoms
How long painkillers stay in system and how long it takes to withdraw from pain meds depends on several individual factors. Extended-release painkillers stay in the body longer; hence, the onset of withdrawal from painkillers will take longer. As with most painkillers, regardless of the type, withdrawal symptoms usually start within 6- 48 hours after the last dose is taken. Early symptoms of pain medication withdrawal include:
- Runny Nose
- Body Aches
Late Withdrawal Symptoms
The peak of symptoms of withdrawal from painkillers may start to appear in the 2nd or 3rd day. As the stages of withdrawing from pain medication progress, symptoms of late-onset withdrawal may include more uncomfortable symptoms:
- Abdominal Pain
- Low energy
- Tremors or shaking
After approximately 5 days, for most people, the physical signs of withdrawal from pain meds will start to go away, but this is when psychological symptoms start to manifest themselves. Withdrawal from pain meds is not just about physical dependency, and many people experience mood swings and depression. As their thinking becomes clearer, others may start to feel remorseful for their actions, even attempting suicide.
Stopping Pain Meds
Patients who have been taking pain meds for 2 weeks or less like a simple medication for stomach pain may be able to stop quickly without withdrawal. While this is still unique to every patient, in most cases, the body has not developed tolerance yet during this time frame. For those who have been using more than 6 tablets daily, tapering use down by 1 tablet every 2 to 3 days is highly recommended. This must be approved and supervised by a medical health professional only.
People who have been taking pain meds long term, more than 6 months, should seek professional help immediately to decrease drug use safely. Doctors and patients should work together to develop a treatment plan to manage painkillers withdrawal symptoms.
Among the many effects linked to long-term or excessive use of painkillers, a user must stop the consumption of pain meds if the following warning signs are present:
- Thinks about the medication a lot
- Takes different amounts than the doctor’s prescription
- Does “doctor shopping” to get more prescriptions
- Gets painkillers from other sources
- Has been using painkillers for a long time
- Feels angry if someone talks to him or her about it
- Not quite himself or herself
How to get off painkillers without withdrawal is answered through slow tapering. It is the process of decreasing painkiller doses by 10-20% every 1-3 weeks with close follow-up with a doctor. As soon as the patient is on the lowest drug dose, he or she can now decrease the frequency of use by 1 tablet every week and leaving the nighttime dose as the last before stopping pain meds completely.
The most suitable way of tapering is best determined by a doctor.
Detox From Painkillers
After stopping the use, detox from painkillers will begin. How to detox from painkillers would depend on the severity and other individual requirements. Some users may switch to herbal pain medication, but only with approval from a doctor to avoid allergic reactions and other possible side effects. Other nonpharmacologic techniques like hydration, healthy diet, exercise, and meditation can also help minimize withdrawal symptoms. However, for heavy and long-term users, medical detox remains to be the best course of action. The goal of which is to create a program that will minimize symptoms and help with the safe and effective cessation of drug use. Some of the medications that can be used include:
Methadone and Buprenorphine
These drugs activate the same receptors in the brain as painkillers and help one overcome their addiction and eliminate withdrawals from pain meds. It can help lessen drug cravings without the euphoric feeling.
This is a mixture of Buprenorphine and Naloxone, which is used to reverse opioid painkiller overdose. The presence of Naloxone will discourage the misuse of Buprenorphine by injection.
This prevents pain meds from triggering the brain’s reward system. It hinders one’s ability to get high, thus discouraging the use or abuse of painkillers.
Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates
These drugs slow down the CNS and produce a calming effect to relieve anxiety and depression. They can also help reduce one’s risk of seizure during withdrawal and detoxification.
For patients who do not know how to deal with withdrawal symptoms from painkillers at home, seeking help from treatment centers for detox is the only right option to avoid any dangers. Here, patients are treated by medical professionals who are available 24/7. Comprehensive assessments and physical exams are done to tailor a treatment process that is right for every individual.
Entering A Detox Program
Misuse of pain meds, including pain meds for pregnancy, is very common and can be very dangerous. In fact, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, approximately 4.3 million adults in the US were abusing painkillers in 2014.
Withdrawing from these drugs can subject an individual to several symptoms and other physical health dangers such as respiratory depression (slow breathing) and other severe conditions. There are several treatment options available in plenty of rehabilitation centers in the US.
While it is possible to detox alone at home for non-addictive pain meds and other minor cases, pain medication withdrawals symptoms can be intense to trigger relapse even in committed people. Supervised detoxification will ensure physical comfort and safety during the whole process. Detox from pain meds at rehab facilities will include activities and counseling sessions like one-on-one and group therapies, community-based programs, and other therapeutic activities that will help in their recovery and prevent relapse.
- Thomas F. Hilton, Paul A. Pilkonis. The Key to Individualized Addiction Treatment is Comprehensive Assessment and Monitoring of Symptoms and Behavioral Change. 2015. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4695774/
- Behavioral Health Trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration Report. 2015. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf
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