While many rehabilitation centers deal with the emotional and physical aspects of drug use and drug withdrawal, many do not fully tend to the needs of individuals with underlying mental conditions driving their self-destructive behavior.
While rehabilitation centers specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of drug-related illnesses, dual diagnosis treatment centers integrate programs and approaches to diagnose and treat mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety, trauma, grief or other related disorders which fuel addiction. Through these programs, clients who suffer from secondary mental conditions can experience relief from a multitude of cause/effect relationships contributing to their problems. Rehabilitation centers focusing on the problem of addiction may not be adequately tackling the underlying causes contributing to illness.
The Dual Diagnosis Approach
Dual diagnosis refers to the secondary approach to drug rehab focusing on the psychological impairments and disorders which may have contributed to the problems of drug use and drug dependence.
Dual diagnosis treatment centers work on alleviated problems related to unrecognized or poorly treated mental and emotional disorders. Additional physical and emotional problems may develop over years or even a lifetime and worsen with mixes of pharmaceutical medication and elicit drug use and poor technocratic and medicinal treatment of mental disorders.
Understanding the Impact of Mental Illnesses
Typical disorders that can contribute greatly to the impact of drug dependence include untreated ADHD, OCD, eating disorders, anxiety, trauma and depression. Failure of family, friends, and primary medical providers to recognize and treat such disorders often contributes to the failure to properly treat sufferers of drug and alcohol addiction. A proper intervention and a successful recovery with long-term promise of not relapsing require special attention to the underlying causes of drug use.
The sense of hopelessness and the lack of a voice that sufferers of multiple psychiatric or medical conditions feel add to the malaise of drug use so many find inescapable. Because the mind of a person suffering from untreated mental illnesses may be unable to perceive what is in their best interest, it becomes the responsibility of dual diagnosis rehabilitation centers to take into account the specific problems of each individual.
The right treatment approach requires a high level of personalized recovery methods and attentiveness on behalf of attending physicians and counselors. It also often requires reaching out to the family, friends or other support networks of the addiction sufferer so that others may understand what they are going through. Even the most supportive family and friends may mistake psychiatric illness for some form of self-indulgence or personal failing of the sufferer. Those who do not understand conditions such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, trauma, ADHD and other psychiatric conditions do not know how to best reach out to their loved ones. Dual diagnosis rehabilitation center works to educate sufferers and the families of sufferers in their journey of awareness so they can better understand the contributing factors leading to addiction.
Individuals with psychiatric disorders have additional risk factors that may contribute to drug relapse. Therefore, special treatment is warranted.
The Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Structure
The duration and approach of dual diagnosis rehab programs depends on the exact disorders to hand involved in an individual’s obstacles to recovery. Inpatient rehab facilities usually have a program duration of between 1 to 3 months with additional follow-up programs, which may last up to a year. While follow-up counseling, support group sessions and community activities conducted through a dual diagnosis rehab facility vary, outpatient program participation is heavily encouraged. Individuals with psychiatric disorders have additional obstacles to successful recovery requiring continued follow-up and potential additional treatment.
Pharmaceutical drug treatment can work both positively and negatively in terms of recovery for addicts who suffer from psychiatric disorders. Drugs prescribed to help individuals cope with symptoms of emotional disorders may impair perception of reality and sense of well-being. Such factors can add to a sense of hopelessness sufferers of emotional disorders feel as an underlying cause of their motivation towards substance abuse. Such factors will influence the duration of a patient’s stay in a dual diagnosis rehab center as well as the amount of outpatient care and follow-up warranted.
Dual diagnosis rehab centers do not follow the traditional 12-step protocol model for recovery because of the additional problems driving people to addiction.
The underlying motivations for drug and alcohol use and abuse are different in the cases of sufferers of anxiety, depression, trauma, ADHD, eating disorders and more. During the intake period of such programs, a team of assessors who specialize in certain facets of psychiatric illness will work one-on-one with patients to accurately diagnose and treat emotional disorders contributing to overall illness. From there, patients are directed to the right treatment plan for them. Due to the amount of denial surrounding certain difficult to diagnose emotional conditions, such aspects of treatment can be overlooked during rehab programs.