Ritalin – Highly Addictive Dopamine and Norepinephrine Stimulant

Ritalin Addiction

What is Ritalin?

Ritalin (Methylphenidate) is a central nervous system stimulant most commonly prescribed for narcolepsy treatment. Ritalin as well as Adderall is also used to treat attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Being one of the highly addictive drugs, it is classified as a class 2 substance which means it has a high abuse potential.

So, how does Ritalin actually affect the brain?

It alters the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine and increases their activity. This is very effective in children with ADHD because it helps them establish relationships with their classmates, and perform better at school.

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Ritalin Effects

Ritalin increases dopamine and norepinephrine levels in one’s synaptic cleft. When it comes to narcolepsy treatment, Methylphenidate increases alertness and prevents the sudden need for sleep and constant daytime drowsiness.

Ritalin Side Effects

Ritalin is a very potent central nervous system stimulant that can cause minor or severe side effects. Some of the adverse reactions are:

  • Dry mouth
  • Nervousness
  • Insomnia
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Headaches
  • High heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Confusion
  • Unexplainable bruises
  • Libido problems
  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Stroke
  • Tolerance
  • Addiction

Important Things to Note

Ritalin is a prescribed medication. Before you start taking it, inform your doctor if you suffer from any chronic disease, if you are allergic to any medication, you have mental health issues, or you have a history of drug abuse.

Also, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you shouldn’t be using Ritalin. Also, mixing Ritalin with alcohol is strictly forbidden because it makes the medicine absorb even faster. Furthermore, tell your doctor if you are using other medication because Ritalin has the ability to interact with various other drugs.

Ritalin Addiction

ritalin addiction rehabSelf-medication with Ritalin can lead to tolerance, which eventually causes addiction. A larger dose of this stimulant drug triggers the reward system in one’s brain, which causes a sensation of euphoria. As one continues to take this drug on a regular basis, they will need more and more of the drug to experience the same euphoric state on Ritalin. People who abuse Ritalin also do it to lose weight, stay awake, or to improve work and school performance.

Ritalin overdose symptoms may vary depending on the amount of the drug taken. In most cases they include:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Inability to control movements
  • Agitation
  • Seizures
  • High heart rate

How to Tell if Someone You Love is Addicted to Ritalin?

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of Ritalin addiction are:

  • Insomnia
  • Dilated pupils
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of appetite
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • High blood pressure
  • High heart rate
  • Digestive problems
  • Obsessive- compulsive disorder
  • Hallucinations

If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, do not hesitate to seek professional help.

Treatment Options

Every drug addiction treatment is tailored according to an individual’s needs. Although all the active ingredients of Ritalin excrete in less than 24 hours, a cold turkey withdrawal might be very harmful. A 12-step program is one of the many treatment options for Ritalin an addict. This program provides peer support which is very important for relapse prevention.

Inpatient facilities are another great treatment solution. They provide a safe environment for the patients without distractions. Also, at inpatient clinics, users can get constant medical supervision, counseling sessions, occupational therapy, and much more.

Outpatient clinics and rehabs are also an option for Ritalin users. In this case, a person does not stay overnight at the clinic, but he/she can get any type of therapy they need.

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Ritalin – Highly Addictive Dopamine and Norepinephrine Stimulant

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