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  • Shrooms – What are They? What are Their Side Effects?

    What are Shrooms?

    Psilocybe cubensis is the scientific name for Psilocybin mushrooms or simply Shrooms. They are a type of fungus that people have been using for over nine thousand years. Presently, people mostly use them as a recreational drug. People often refer to them as “magic” mushrooms due to their “magical” effects on one’s brain. However, the scientific name itself translates to a less flattering name: Bald Head. Shrooms grow in different parts of Europe, Africa, and America. They are probably most famous for their psychedelic properties. Notably, this is because of their two potent substances psilocybin and psilocin. They are the ones which bring about the psychedelic effects.

    What Are Shrooms?

    Two Potent Chemicals Found in Shrooms — Psilocybin and Psilocin

    Psilocybin and psilocin are the two most important chemicals found in shrooms. They trigger the so-called “shroom trip”. When you eat it, Psilocybin breaks down into the active ingredient called psilocin. Psilocin acts as a blocking agent. In this case, it prevents the reuptake of the neurotransmitter called serotonin. Additionally, psilocin and serotonin are similar in structure. As a result, it means that psilocin can bind and stimulate the receptors in the brain. This type of brain stimulation causes the shroom user to perceive and experience things without any real stimulus. This is what we refer to as hallucinations.

    Do “Magic” Mushrooms Have Medicinal Value?

    shroomsIt was as early as 1960 that they conducted various experiments on the positive effects of shrooms. In addition, scientists also studied their potential medicinal value. Unfortunately, researchers were never able to reveal their medicinal properties. However, you could still legally use it in neuroscience to treat various mental diseases. Some professionals claim that psilocin, like LSD for instance, can have enormous beneficial effects on one’s mental health. You can use “magic” mushrooms to treat depression, anxiety, and even addiction. Of course, this is when you use it in a controlled setting, under the supervision of a doctor. The patient needs to consume the proper dosage.

    What are the Effects of Shrooms?

    Shrooms can have three types of effects: positive, neutral and negative effects. The most common effects of shrooms are different types of hallucinations. They can vary between visual, auditory, or mystical. Mostly, people choose to use shrooms as a recreational drug. As a result, it takes them to a different dimension. Some users have reported experiencing the most profound spiritual journey while consuming shrooms. Meanwhile, others expressed feelings of dissatisfaction. Unfortunately, this is due to their horrid hallucinations.

    Positive Effects

    Some of the shrooms’ positive effects include:

    • Mood enhancing, euphoric state
    • Laughing and giggling, general feelings of happiness
    • Intense flow of creativity, which can occur in different forms
    • Enhanced insightfulness ideas and strong sense of creative energy
    • A strong feeling of wonder and awe
    • Uplifting sensation, spiritual awakening
    • Decreased depression

    Neutral Effects

    You can view the following effects of shrooms as neutral. Of course, this is due to the fact that they don’t carry any extensively negative or positive properties. The neutral effects may include:

    • Becoming fully aware of emotions and sensations
    • Dilation of pupils
    • Ability to retrieve memories
    • Energetic experience (such as buzzing, humming) in one’s body
    • Slightly increased or decreased heart rate
    • “Stretchiness” physical sensation of limbs

    Negative Effects

    Even though Shrooms are purportedly far less harmful than other recreational substances. They include LSD, Marijuana and even alcohol. On the other hand, they can trigger undesirable effects in the body. Some of these include:

    • Headaches
    • Intense fear, followed by paranoia
    • Nausea mostly happens when you eat raw or dried mushrooms
    • Anxiety, due to a higher dose
    • Dizziness and confusion
    • Shrooms can exacerbate mental illness or trigger latent mental disorders
    • Disruption of attention
    • Dangerous repercussions when mixed with alcohol
    • Problems with blood pressure

    One Dose of Shrooms Might Change you for Good

    Shrooms could alter one’s thinking and affect the brain for a staggering 14 months after one consumption. That is more than a year. This is unlike other substances that people choose to abuse for recreational reasons. Some of them take a longer periods to exude their long-lasting effects.

    A 2011 study, found that people who took one dose of psilocybin showed more interest in new experiences.
    Interestingly enough, this went on for about 14 months. On a more scientific note, the explanation might lie in psilocybin’s effects on emotions. According to the majority of people, mushroom trips are extremely profound. They flood the user with various emotions such as joy, euphoria, and connectedness. Furthermore, people report that these illuminating and transcendent experiences linger on for a considerable amount of time. Some may experience it for 3 or 4 hours. Meanwhile, it affected others for even 8 hours after just one consumption of a medium dose.

    When not to Take Shrooms?

    If you are a person battling various cardiovascular diseases. They include coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries), abnormal heart rhythms, arrhythmias or congenital heart disease. Try to avoid taking shrooms at all cost. Also, if you are pregnant and/or breastfeeding, make sure to stay clear of this type of fungus.