Despite the common belief that GHB is more of a date rape and club drug, the truth is, it is a highly dangerous and addictive substance that may cause fatality at small or high doses. It is an illegal substance and is classified as a Schedule 1 drug. That would mean incarceration and a $100,000 penalty if one is caught possessing it.
What is GHB?
Sold as liquid or powder, GHB, also known as Gamma-hydroxybutyrate, is a highly intoxicating substance that acts as a depressant. When GHB first developed in 1960, it was used for anesthetic purposes due to its ability to sedate the human body. The drug was also used to relieve different forms of pain. During the ‘90s, GHB became a muscle growth stimulator used by athletes and bodybuilders, as well as a favorite rave party drug that was used to stimulate the same effects as alcohol, only without the hangover.
Misled by false advertisements, some people think GHB is a safe sleep-inducing drug that can regularly be used to achieve sufficient rest. Unfortunately, even the smallest dose of the substance can cause the most petrifying results.
GHB is not necessarily purchased and used in its form. People can take products containing GHB, or the ingredients in GHB such as 1,4-butanediol and Gamma-Butyrolactone. The said substances are converted by the body into GHB to produce the same effects.
Effects of Using GHB
Ten to twenty minutes following the intake of the drug, the user experiences varying effects that depend on the dosage, mood, and particular circumstances. The GHB high often lasts up to 4 hours, but may be extended when used with other similar drugs. Users commonly experience an increase in energy, stamina, and sensuality. They feel euphoric, happy, playful, relaxed, and sexually enhanced.
On the downside, GHB users also experience loss of muscle coordination, headaches, nausea, drowsiness, difficulty concentrating, amnesia, dizziness, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. In large doses, GHB use may result in sedation, decreased heart rate, loss of self-control, slurred speech, seizures, inability to move, coma, and even death.
What are the negative effects?
Negative effects of using GHB include:
- loss of muscle coordination or an altogether inability to move
- headaches and dizziness
- nausea and vomiting
- difficulty concentrating
- difficulty breathing
- loss of self-control
- decreased heart rate
- slurred speech
Using it over a long period leads to the development of certain levels of tolerance, as well as dependency no matter the routine at which the drug is taken.
Dangers of GHB Use
GHB use should be a cause for alarm, regardless of the amount being taken, or the frequency of use. Because it is a known club drug, Gamma-hydroxybutyrate is often mixed with alcoholic beverages. This common practice in rave bars and parties is very dangerous, and may cause bad effects such as coma, seizures, respiratory failure, and death.
GHB, when combined with alcohol, paralyzes the human body and the respiratory system. Anyone who passes out due to the drug should be given immediate medical care.
Is there a safe dosage for GHB use?
No, there is no safe dosage for GHB use. Ingestion of any amount of GHB is cause for alarm as it can have harmful effects on the body such as seizures or respiratory failure and can even result in a coma or death.
GHB can cause an overdose anytime, depending on the type of formula taken, and the amount that a person can take. A certain dose may not cause adverse reactions from a person, but may be lethal to another. A user may not experience an overdose with a particular amount of GHB at one time, but may not have the same tolerance the next. Alcohol, food, and other drug intake affect the degree by which GHB sedates the body.
Another danger of taking GHB is the addiction. Once a person is addicted to it, he or she will experience severe withdrawal symptoms that may last for years. An addict normally takes a dose of GHB every hour or so, with larger doses during the night. Dependency on the drug can develop within a few weeks of using it, even in the smallest doses.
How long does it take to develop GHB addiction?
In just a few short weeks of somewhat regular use, a person can develop a GHB addiction. An addict normally takes a dose of GHB every hour or so, with larger doses during the night. If the person overcomes the GHB addiction, withdrawal symptoms may last for years.
GHB addiction is characterized by the compulsive taking of the drug, the inability to sleep and function properly without taking it, and weird behavior from the user. Anyone who is addicted to GHB may experience head twitching after 15 minutes of taking a dose, but will not be able to remember doing so.
Treatment: Where to Go in Case of Addiction and Abuse
Even without addiction, using GHB may pose extreme risks on the lives of the users. Young girls are at risk of being raped while teenage boys may not have full control over their actions. Anyone who tries a single dose of the drug may not have the ability to metabolize the substance the way others can. Death is just around the corner because of illegal drugs.
If you are using or addicted to GHB, or know of anyone who is, make sure to get medical and professional help without delay. Various addiction treatment facilities offer particular GHB treatment, which include inpatient rehabilitation programs for those who want long-term results.
Inpatient treatments begin with medically supported ‘weaning’ from the drug. Using proven techniques in alleviating withdrawal symptoms, the patient is given sufficient help in overcoming the most challenging ones that will appear a few hours after taking the last dose.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, as well as other types of psychological therapies, is also given to the patient to help surmount the reasons for taking the drug. He or she will develop the ability to avoid circumstances, people, and places where GHB use may be inevitable based on past experiences.
Support from the facility, the patient’s family and friends, as well as highly trained medical professionals, will make sure that he or she does not relapse in the future. An inpatient rehabilitation program allows each patient to focus on rebuilding his or her life and start anew without the dangers that are brought about by drugs.