It is crucial to keep yourself and your loved ones safe during the COVID-19 outbreak. Yet addiction may pose even a higher danger than the virus.

Learn about recovery during the pandemic:

Marijuana Schedule And Classification: Weed Drug Type

weed drug type

Important InformationThis information is for educational purposes only. We never invite or suggest the use, production or purchase of any these substances. Addiction Resource and it’s employees, officers, managers, agents, authors, editors, producers, and contributors shall have no direct or indirect liability, obligation, or responsibility to any person or entity for any loss, damage, or adverse consequences alleged to have happened as a consequence of material on this website. See full text of disclaimer.

Generally, there are four categories of drugs. The types are based on their properties and effects. A drug can either fall into opiates, depressants, hallucinogens, or stimulants. So where does cannabis fall among these categories? Even though it has a stimulant, hallucinogenic, and depressant properties, the answer to what type of drug is marijuana is not tidy as most people think. There is a wide variation in its effect from one person to another.
Read further to get answers to questions such as: what schedule drug is marijuana? Is pot a stimulant, depressant or hallucinogen?

Help Line Woman

Hope Without Commitment

Find the best treatment options.
Call our free and confidential helpline

Most private insurances accepted

Marketing fee may apply

Table of Contents

Marijuana Drug Schedule

In the U.S, eight states have legalized the use of cannabis for adults, and 29 states legalized medical marijuana. Regardless, unlike Mexico and Canada marijuana schedule has not changed in the U.S. Cannabis having lots marijuana slang remains in the list of Schedule I illegal drug in the U.S. The substance is considered as a drug with high potential of abuse and no health benefits by the U.S government. In 1970 cannabis was placed into Schedule I, a category that is tightly restricted and reserved for drugs not medically accepted. However, one can obtain a legal permission from a medical marijuana doctors and use this drug for treating certain conditions.

Marijuana Narcotic Properties

In 1961, the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs specifically included Cannabis. Because of this, blunt is legally and medically classified as a narcotic for every country that signed it. But scientifically, the substance is classified as a psychoactive agent. When comparing the term narcotics and psychoactive agents, both effects are different on an individual that uses it. Narcotics dull some specific functions of the brain while a psychoactive agent like cannabis alters it. In summary:

  • Yes, weed is legally and medically a narcotic because narcotic is any substance that is illegal and induces sleep.
  • No, scientifically, pot it is not a narcotic.

Marijuana As A Depressant Or Stimulant

Is marijuana a depressant?two friends smoking weed lying on the grass

Many people refer to pot as a depressant with stimulant qualities. It is considered mainly as a depressant because it slows down the way messages are transferred between the brain and the body. Like traditional depressants, marijuana depressant properties can cause sleeplessness, dizziness, short-term memory loss and more.

Is marijuana a stimulant?

The stimulant properties in blunt make many people use it to treat depression symptoms and enhance mood. Just like other stimulants, it has proven to increase heart rate, alertness, elevate mood, and improve attention.
However, it is good to remember that the effects of weed vary from person to person. Take marijuana wax for example. It is a very potent weed concentrate with a high amount of THC. Some can use it and experience anxiety, and it might cause feelings for drowsiness and contentment in others. It might even cause delusions when used chronically.

Marijuana Hallucinogenic Features

Most often weed is stereotyped for its hallucinogenic effects. Even though the effects are often temporary, the massive doses of the substance can cause delusions, hallucinations, and alter the sense of personal identity. The substance can also cause hallucinogen symptoms like nausea, dry mouth, and detachment from self.

Cannabis Classification: A Controversial Question

In the past few years, many states have been legalizing weed for recreational and medicinal purposes. Federal law is expected to start catching up but yet cannabis has not been removed from schedule I. However, the call for marijuana reschedule has been growing. The favorability towards the legalization of blunt has increased to 64 percent as of 2017 from the initial 25 percent of 1995. There have been different petitions to remove pot from Schedule I, but DEA has reasons not to welcome the petition. They believe the substance continues to meet the criteria for schedule I.
Marijuana drug classification is a controversial question because it is not merely a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogen. People respond to the substance in different ways.

Why Weed Should Be Legalized

doctor in uniform holding the leaf of marijuanaDespite the prohibition of cannabis in 1937, there has been a lot of research on its medical use. Some people use medical marijuana for migraines. Even though high-quality studies that support using weed for migraines might not be available, research shows how effective pot can be in treating migraine headache.
Medical pot might also be an effective treatment for inflammatory pains, neurological disorder, autoimmune diseases and more.

Reasons Not To Legalize Weed

There are two sides to a coin, and the same thing goes with the legalization of pot. Some studies have shown that it has an adverse effect on health and social life of users while others have shown its health benefits. Additionally, legalizing pot can result in the collapse of medical marijuana prices around the world. The price is more likely to decline in the future.

Find Help And Quit Taking Drugs

Some pot users relapse on weed. These are heavy users who have developed a drug addiction and struggled with withdrawal symptoms. There are rehabilitation institutions that can help. They offer different substance abuse recovery options to treat addiction to drugs.

No matter the level of dependence, the intensity of the treatment needed, or age of the patient, there are advisors available to give more information on drug rehab, answer questions, and guide individual addict towards a healthy feature. Call our free helpline: it is secure, private and confidential.

Help Line Woman

Hope Without Commitment

Find the best treatment options.
Call our free and confidential helpline

Most private insurances accepted

Marketing fee may apply

Medically Reviewed By Michael Espelin APRN

About Author

Peter J. Grinspoon, MD

Dr. Peter Grinspoon is an experienced physician with long-term clinical practice experience. As a former analgesic addict, Dr. Grinspoon knows precisely how important it is to provide patients with effective treatment and support. Medical writing for him is the way to communicate with people and inform them about their health.


Leave a comment

  • Christian k..
    What should i do to reduce weed…cause i no longer wanna continue with this..
  • Steve
    I had a massive right brain stroke that killed half my brain, I am currently smoking marijuana to help with headaches but I think it is interacting badly with my anti seizure meds. zonisamide and Keppra