It is crucial to keep yourself and your loved ones safe during the COVID-19 outbreak. Yet addiction may pose even a higher danger than the virus.

Learn about recovery during the pandemic:

Kratom Drug Interactions And Reactions With Food

drugs kratom interact with

Important InformationThis information is for educational purposes only. We never invite or suggest the use, production or purchase of any these substances. Addiction Resource and it’s employees, officers, managers, agents, authors, editors, producers, and contributors shall have no direct or indirect liability, obligation, or responsibility to any person or entity for any loss, damage, or adverse consequences alleged to have happened as a consequence of material on this website. See full text of disclaimer.

Kratom is a legal substance that is becoming more and more popular in the United States. However, users should not assume legal means safe, as the number of kratom drug interactions is overwhelming. Before anyone uses it, they should be aware of kratom interactions with other drugs.

Help Line Woman

Hope Without Commitment

Find the best treatment options. Call our free and confidential helpline

Most private insurances accepted

Marketing fee may apply

Learn About Kratom Interactions:

Kratom Prescription Drug Interactions

Because kratom is a legal substance in most states, people tend to assume it must be safe. While even its safety, when taken on its own, is debatable, those taking prescription medications should never consider it safe. When weighing the pros and cons of kratom use, individuals must consider the medications they are taking. There are numerous kratom medication interactions that can have negative and even deadly consequences.

Adderall

Both kratom and Adderall are stimulants. Many online guides detailing how to consume kratom suggest taking the two substances together, but at low doses. The result is that the user can feel stimulant effects from both drugs.

However, this is a risky combination. When two stimulants are taken together, the upper effects they deliver are amplified. And this is not just in relation to the high they cause; kratom drug interactions with Adderall will stimulate many body processes, including respiration and pulse. This can cause everything from cardiac arrest to posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome.

suboxone and kratom

Suboxone

Generally speaking, there are two reasons someone might choose to combine kratom and Suboxone. First, they might hope that the two medications together will make getting through withdrawal from other substances and staying clean easier. Second, they might be addicted to Mitragyna speciosa products and hoping that Suboxone does block kratom.

It is true that Suboxone is FDA approved for treating certain addictions, but Mitragyna speciosa is used without approval for the same purpose. However, the fact that there are no FDA-approved kratom uses makes this type of treatment inherently risky, and mixing the two substances heightens the chance of things going wrong. There is also no evidence that Suboxone can block Mitragyna speciosa effects, making it an ineffective option for managing addiction.

Gabapentin

Both gabapentin and kratom are used in opioid withdrawal management. This leads some people to think that they are safe to combine. However, the two medications can potentiate each other, causing too great of a high. Because the two gabapentin and Mitragyna speciosa have different effects—one stimulating and one depressing—this can cause a significant strain on the body.

Xanax

Kratom and Xanax are two very different drugs. Xanax is strictly a sedative and a powerful one at that. Kratom is a spectrum drug that acts differently depending on the dose and strain. However, the effects of Mitragyna speciosa products are never safe when combined with those of Xanax; either the stimulant effects will contrast with the downer effects of Xanax and strain the body, or both will depress the body’s systems, running the risk of respiration or pulse ceasing.

tramadol and kratom

Tramadol

Mixing tramadol and kratom is another risky choice. While it carries all the risks of any upper-and-downers mixture, some of them are potentiated. It is known that the drug and O-desmethyltramadol, a tramadol metabolite, can lead to fatal toxicity.

Oxycodone

Kratom and oxycodone is an increasingly common combination, both for recreational purposes and as a result of users attempting to manage their oxy addiction on their own. While different kratom strains can interact in various ways with oxy, none of them are considered safe to use with the drug outside of supervised settings. Much like with other downers, mixing oxy with Mitragyna speciosa plant can result in strain on the body or potentiated downer effects that can lead to difficult respiration and slow pulse.

Hydrocodone

Hydrocodone addiction is powerful and dangerous. As such, many people suffering from it look for ways to treat addiction at home. While many believe Kratom does block hydrocodone’s effects on the body, this isn’t true. What users who combine kratom and hydrocodone might experience is a reduction in the negative effects of hydro due to the former’s stimulant properties. However, this fight between the stimulant and depressant is risky in and of itself. Then there is the fact that if too much plant powder is taken, the effect can switch to that of a depressant, potentially preventing the central nervous system from functioning.

Klonopin

Kratom and Klonopin are sometimes combined by those looking to either contrast uppers and downers or potentiate the downer effects of Klonopin. The former is risky due to the stress it places on the body, particularly the heart. The latter is even more dangerous, as the central nervous system depression of Klonopin is strong, and when potentiated, risks death.

vyvanse and kratom

Vyvanse

Kratom and Vyvanse are stimulant medications. This makes them risky to combine, as they can stimulate the central nervous system to the point that the heart is greatly taxed. Cardiac arrest and posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome are both associated with combining Mitragyna speciosa products and ADHD medications like Vyvanse.

Wellbutrin

The risks of mixing two substances together are not clear. However, there has been at least one case of an overdose death where the individual took both kratom and Wellbutrin together prior to their death. While the link between combination with Wellbutrin and the death is not clear at this time, users should still avoid mixing the two medications.

Modafinil

Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting agent meant to treat a variety of sleep disorders. It is unusual to combine with kratom, but it has occurred. It has been documented that modafinil and kratom combined lead to seizures. Thus, this mix should be avoided.

Methadone

As with Suboxone, kratom and methadone are combined either to try to manage addictions and withdrawal from other drugs or in an effort to end addiction to the plant. Methadone is a powerful anti-addiction drug, and there is no reason to add Mitragyna speciosa products to its use. Additionally, no evidence suggests methadone can treat kratom addiction.

prescription and OTC drugs

Other Prescription Medications Interactions

The above-listed prescription medications do not make a complete list. There are many other interactions that are not well studied but still pose health risks for an individual. The potentially dangerous kratom interactions with other prescription medications include:

Kratom Interactions With OTC Drugs And Substances

Kratom interactions with other medications are not limited to prescription drugs. Over-the-counter drugs and legal substances also can interact with Mitragyna speciosa products. For example, alcohol and kratom used together can stress the system. There are also concerns that certain substances can intensify side effects, such as the impact of kratom on the sex drive.

Anytime someone is taking Mitragyna speciosa, they should carefully consider both the known interactions with other substances and the possibility that there are many interactions that remain undiscovered by the medical community.

Benadryl

Kratom and Benadryl interaction has not been well studied. However, there is at least one documented case of someone having consumed both substances, as well as others, and then dying from toxicity. It is unclear what the link between the two is, but users should exercise caution.

DXM

There are no studies clearly outlining a negative interaction between DXM and kratom. However, there have been cases of patients experiencing toxicity after taking both drugs, along with other substances. Despite the link not being clear, it is best not to mix the substances.

Coffee

Mitragyna speciosa is related to the coffee plant. This can make mixing kratom and coffee seem like a logical pairing. However, the stimulant effects of the two substances can tax the body, particularly the heart. If someone feels the need to use both substances, they should take them separately.

citric acid and kratom

Citric Acid

Kratom and citric acid when mixed potentiate the high kratom produces. In most cases, this does not lead to problems, but it has the potential to do so. Should the effects become too severe, the heart could be stressed to the point of cardiac arrest.

Other OTC Interactions

There are numerous other interactions with OTC medications that may occur. These interactions include such substances as:

There is insufficient evidence on such interactions. That’s why the users should abstain from mixing them with Mitragyna speciosa products.

Kratom Illegal Drug Interactions

Street drugs that interact with kratom are numerous. This is part of why kratom is illegal in some states.  Illegal drugs should never be consumed due to the dangers they pose, both physically and legally. Deadly kratom drug interactions are a strong reason users should avoid combining them.

Cocaine

There are no studies that prove kratom and cocaine interact negatively. However, there are overdose deaths reported where both substances have been taken. As such, it is risky to combine the two.

Heroin

Studies have not proven that kratom and heroin interact. However, there have been cases where individuals have died from an overdose where both drugs were taken. This means the only safe choice is to avoid mixing them.

It is important that users understand the risks of taking Mitragyna speciosa products on its own and with other substances. Anyone taking it should know the kratom overdose symptoms and how to get help if they are observed.

The other illegal substances that can possibly interact with Mitragyna speciosa include:

Recovering From Abuse

Whether someone wants to pass a kratom urine test or just desires a sober life, it is possible to end addiction to Mitragyna speciosa products and other drugs. Drug rehab facilities have the ability to assist with detox and develop skills that make it easy to stop use. With the right addiction treatment services, clean life is possible.

Help Line Woman

Hope Without Commitment

Find the best treatment options. Call our free and confidential helpline

Most private insurances accepted

Marketing fee may apply

View Sources
  1. Castillo A, Payne JD, Nugent K. Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome after kratom ingestion. Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center). 2017; 30(3): 355–357. doi:10.1080/08998280.2017.11929647. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5468044/.
  2. SUBOXONE (buprenorphine and naloxone) sublingual film CIII. ReckittBenckiserPharmaceuticalsInc. 2014. https://www.fda.gov/media/79068/download.
  3. Salehi M, Kheirabadi GR, Maracy MR, Ranjkesh M. Importance of gabapentin dose in treatment of opioid withdrawal. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2011; 31(5): 593-6. doi: 10.1097/JCP.0b013e31822bb378. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21869694.
  4. Mixing drugs is dangerous. Mental Health Commission. https://healthywa.wa.gov.au/Articles/J_M/Mixing-drugs-is-dangerous.
  5. Alprazolam. MedlinePluse. 2017. https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a684001.html.
  6. Kronstrand R, Roman M, Thelander G, Eriksson A. Unintentional fatal intoxications with mitragynine and O-desmethyltramadol from the herbal blend Krypton. Journal of analytical toxicology. 2011; 35(4): 242-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21513619.
  7. Clonazepam. National Library of Medicine. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Clonazepam#section=Information-Sources.
  8. Kratom additional deaths: adverse event report. FDA. https://www.fda.gov/media/111542/download.
  9. Fluyau D, Revadigar N. Biochemical Benefits, Diagnosis, and Clinical Risks Evaluation of Kratom. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2017; 8: 62. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00062. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5402527/.
  10. Kratom. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. 2018. https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/kratom.
  11. Henningfield JE, Fant RV, Wang DW. The abuse potential of kratom according the 8 factors of the controlled substances act: implications for regulation and research. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2018; 235(2): 573–589. doi:10.1007/s00213-017-4813-4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813050/.
  12. Veltri C, Grundmann O. Current perspectives on the impact of Kratom use. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation. 2019; 10: 23–31. Published 2019 Jul 1. doi:10.2147/SAR.S164261. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6612999/.
PG

About Author

Peter Grinspoon, MD

Dr. Peter Grinspoon is an experienced physician with long-term clinical practice experience. As a former analgesic addict, Dr. Grinspoon knows precisely how important it is to provide patients with effective treatment and support. Medical writing for him is the way to communicate with people and inform them about their health.

Comments

Leave a comment