Soma Drug Class: Carisoprodol Schedule And Classification

Last Updated: June 16, 2020

Authored by Roger Weiss, MD

Soma (generic name carisoprodol) belongs to a class of medications called muscle relaxants that are prescribed to relieve pain from muscle spasm and injuries. However, prescription drug Soma is different from others in its class because it is the only muscle relaxer that is classified as a controlled substance. Why is Soma a controlled substance? Is carisoprodol scheduled drug? And is carisoprodol classification opiate, benzodiazepine, barbiturate, or narcotic?

Is Carisoprodol a Controlled Substance?

As of January 11, 2012, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has classified carisoprodol as a schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. Soma schedule 4 (IV) means the drug has a currently accepted use for medical treatment in the United States. It also means that it has a lower potential for abuse compared to drugs listed under schedule 3 (III).

Is Soma a Narcotic?

Narcotic drug class consists of opium and its derivatives. Is Soma 350 mg a narcotic? No, it does not belong to the opiate class of drugs. However, carisoprodol can enhance the effects of narcotics and may have overlapping side effects such as slowed breathing and drowsiness. A combination of the two can be potentially dangerous because the synergistic effect of these medications can result in profound respiratory depression, leading to coma and death.

Medication Class: Is Carisoprodol a Sleeping Pill?

Carisoprodol blocks pain sensations from reaching the brain, and it is used to treat skeletal muscle pain.

Therefore, some people abuse this medication for Soma effects without realizing that it can be habit-forming, leading to addiction, overdose, and death.

Is Carisoprodol a Benzodiazepine?

Benzodiazepines such as Xanax are a widely prescribed class of psychiatric medications that have muscle relaxant and anxiety relief properties. Is Soma benzo? No, it is not a benzodiazepine. However, one of its active metabolites (breakdown products), meprobamate, has anti-anxiety effects similar to benzos. For this reason, when benzodiazepines drug class and carisoprodol are used in combination, the results can be dangerous.

Is Soma an Opioid?

Soma muscle relaxant does not belong to the medication class opioids. However, the Department of Justice refers to “The Holy Trinity,” a combination of medications that are typically abused together to enhance euphoric effects, consisting of an opioid such as hydrocodone, a benzodiazepine such as alprazolam, and carisoprodol. Therefore, even though carisoprodol is not an opioid, it is often used in combination with or as an alternative to this class of drugs.

different types of pills on the table

Does Soma Work as an Antidepressant?

Carisoprodol controlled substance is prescribed for two to three weeks to people suffering from muscular pain. It does not belong to drug class antidepressants. Depression is one of the side effects of this medication. Also, prolonged abuse or dependency on this carisoprodol can lead to long-term behavioral changes associated with addiction, such as mood changes and thoughts of suicide. This makes the effects of the medication the opposite of antidepressant class of drugs.

Is Soma a Blood Thinner?

No, it does not belong to the blood thinner class of medications. However, it may cause bleeding in the intestines and stomach without warning. The risk of bleeding with Soma scheduled drug is higher in individuals who are using blood thinners or NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and those who have had a stomach ulcer before.

Soma Drug Classification: Is It a Barbiturate?

No, carisoprodol does not belong to the drug class barbiturates. However, the actions of meprobamate, an active metabolite of Soma pain killer, are similar to barbiturates, which are central nervous system depressants with a potential for abuse.

Is Carisoprodol Classified as a Muscle Relaxer?

It belongs to medication class spasmolytic muscle relaxants and is approved for use for a maximum of three weeks in adults to alleviate symptoms such as muscle pain, increased muscle tone, and muscle spasm.

Soma Drug Schedule: Controlling Use for Non-Medical Reasons

When the correct Soma dose is taken as directed by a physician, this muscle relaxant is generally safe for adults. However, some individuals buy Soma online, misuse it for its sedative/euphoric effects, and end up developing a psychological addiction to it. Because carisoprodol can cause dependence, it is advisable to talk to the prescribing physician about alternatives as well as the pros and cons of Robaxin vs Soma. In any case, dependence to any medication requires treatment in addiction rehab institution.

Although Soma controlled substance is not a narcotic, opioid, benzodiazepine, or barbiturate, it is often abused in combination with these drugs to enhance their effects, often with significant negative consequences. The combination of Soma and alcohol is also potentially harmful and can result in impaired motor control, slowed breathing, increased risk of seizures, drowsiness, and dizziness. Abusing carisoprodol is illegal and can be extremely dangerous. Dependency on this muscle relaxant can lead to withdrawal symptoms, and overdose can result in coma and death, which is why carisoprodol has been put in the drug class schedule IV controlled substance.


Page Sources

  1. https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/carisoprodol/carisoprodol.pdf
  2. https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/testimonies/witnesses/attachments/03/01/12/03-01-12-dea-rannazzisi-testimony.pdf
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2858432/

Published on: June 7th, 2019

Updated on: June 16th, 2020

About Author

Roger Weiss, MD

Dr. Roger Weiss is a practicing mental health specialist at the hospital. Dr. Weiss combines his clinical practice and medical writing career since 2009. Apart from these activities, Dr. Weiss also delivers lectures for youth, former addicts, and everyone interested in topics such as substance abuse and treatment.

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