Table of Contents
What are Shrooms?
Psilocybe cubensis or commonly known as the Psilocybin mushroom is a special type of fungus. Firstly, it grows in certain parts of Africa, Europe, and America. Secondly, the usage of shrooms dates back to prehistoric times. Thirdly, people used them mainly for their euphoric and hallucinogenic properties. No doubt, people who consume magic mushrooms as a recreational drug are most likely to experience some effects. For example, they include euphoria, altered thinking processes, synesthesia, altered sense of time and spiritual awakening. In the everyday vernacular shrooms are also called “magic” mushrooms. Of course, the name refers to the “magic” trip or hallucinations that a certain dose of shrooms can cause.
It is imperative to say that currently shrooms have no medical purpose and dealing with them can lead to accidental breaking the law and lead to unwanted consequences.
The Effects of Shrooms
Shrooms have two potent chemicals, psilocybin and psilocin. Therefore, they are responsible for the different psychedelic effects. These are euphoria, altered thinking, synesthesia, altered sense of time and spiritual awakening. First, we can categorize these effects as mental effects. Second, we can place numbness and an increased heart rate, among others in the category of physical effects. Besides mental and physical, we can further divide the effects of mushrooms into three subgroups. Specifically, they are positive, neutral, and negative effects.
The effects of psilocybin and psilocin
Psilocin is the broken down version of psilocybin. In other words, psilocybin turns into psilocin after someone digests it. Indeed, this chemical is the main culprit for the various hallucinogen effects on one’s brain. Psilocin affects the brain in that it binds to serotonin receptors, due to its similar construction.
Physical Effects of Shrooms
The physical effects of magic mushrooms can be mild or intense. Shroom users may experience:
- Numbness, particularly in the facial area
- Higher heart rate and blood pressure
- Dry mouth, which can sometimes lead to nausea and vomiting
- Muscle weakness and twitching, or convulsions
- Extra sensitive reflexes
- Sweating and high body temperature (akin to fever), often followed by chills and shivering
- Loss of urinary control
Mental Effects of Shrooms
The mental effects of magic mushrooms may include:
- Distortion of one’s sense of reality (they see and hear things that are not there)
- Confusion (they believe they can see music or hear colors)
- Altered sense of time
- Changes in mood
- Light-headedness and loss of coordination
- Anxiety and panic attacks
- Confusion and disorientation
- Fear and paranoia
Purportedly, various studies have been conducted in the 1960s. They have revealed that one can take them under the supervision of medical professionals. Above all, the doctors need to control the dosage and the environment. As a result, shrooms can have astoundingly positive attributes. Consequently,it was supposed to use them for treating various mental diseases and even addiction. However, scientists still need to do a lot more researches.
Other recreational properties and effects of magic mushrooms may include:
- Enhancement of mood
- Shrooms can bring about a euphoric state
- They’ll trigger laughing and giggling (general feelings of happiness)
- They can actuate an intense flow of creativity, which can occur in different forms
- They’ll enhance insightfulness ideas
- They can enhance a strong sense of creative energy
- They’ll cause a strong feeling of wonder and awe
- Shrooms can cause an uplifting sensation, spiritual awakening
- They may decrease depression
Remember that recreational use may lead to dangerous consequences and troubles with law.
Shrooms have a few, worthy-of-mention neutral effects. One should be aware of them before ingesting the fungus. These may include:
- Becoming extremely aware of emotions and sensations
- Dilation of pupils
- Ability to retrieve “long lost” memories
- Energetic experience (such as buzzing, humming) in one’s body
- Slightly increased or decreased heart rate
- “Stretchiness” physical sensation of limbs
People have reported Shrooms to be less damaging than any other hallucinogen or addictive substances. These include illicit or prescription drugs and even alcohol. However, one should certainly take into consideration the various negative effects they can have on the user. The negative effects of shrooms may include:
- Intense fear, followed by paranoia
- Nausea usually occurs when people eat mushrooms raw or dried
- Anxiety, due to a higher dose
- Dizziness and confusion
- Shrooms can exacerbate mental illness or trigger latent mental disorders
- Disruption of attention
- Dangerous repercussions when users mix it with alcohol
- Problems with blood pressure
Long-term Effects of Shrooms
Purportedly, some people have tried shrooms only once. However, that was enough to change certain patterns of their behavior for the next 14 months. That’s more than one year! Incidentally, this phenomenon does not occur in every user. Still, there have been a few cases in which people reported to have noticed some unusual feelings.
People who consume shrooms for a prolonged period may experience the following long-term effects:
- Disconnected thoughts, i.e., Various changes in thinking patterns
- False beliefs that have no basis in fact, i.e., Delusions
- Continuous hallucinations
- Volatile mood
- Lack of organized behavior
- Constant forgetfulness
- Daniel J., Haberman M. Clinical potential of psilocybin as a treatment for mental health conditions. Mental Health Clinician. 2018; 7(1): 24–28. doi:10.9740/mhc.2017.01.024. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007659/.
- Pokorny T., Preller K. H., Kometer M., Dziobek I., Vollenweider F. X. Effect of Psilocybin on Empathy and Moral Decision-Making. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017; 20(9): 747–757. doi:10.1093/ijnp/pyx047. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5581487/.
- National Drug Intelligence Center. Psilocybin: Fast Facts. 2003. https://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs6/6038/.