Shrooms Effects: Possible Effects of Magic Mushrooms

Last Updated: September 1, 2020

What are Shrooms?

Psilocybe cubensis or commonly known as the Psilocybin mushroom is a special type of fungus. Firstly, it grows in certain parts of Africa, Europe, and America. Secondly, the usage of shrooms dates back to prehistoric times. Thirdly, people used them mainly for their euphoric and hallucinogenic properties. No doubt, people who consume magic mushrooms as a recreational drug are most likely to experience some effects. For example, they include euphoria, altered thinking processes, synesthesia, altered sense of time and spiritual awakening. In the everyday vernacular shrooms are also called “magic” mushrooms. Of course, the name refers to the “magic” trip or hallucinations that a certain dose of shrooms can cause.

The Effects of Shrooms

Shrooms have two potent chemicals, psilocybin and psilocin. Therefore, they are responsible for the different psychedelic effects. These are euphoria, altered thinking, synesthesia, altered sense of time and spiritual awakening. First, we can categorize these effects as mental effects. Second, we can place numbness and an increased heart rate, among others in the category of physical effects. Besides mental and physical, we can further divide the effects of mushrooms into three subgroups. Specifically, they are positive, neutral, and negative effects.

The effects of psilocybin and psilocin

Psilocin is the broken down version of psilocybin. In other words, psilocybin turns into psilocin after someone digests it. Indeed, this chemical is the main culprit for the various hallucinogen effects on one’s brain. Psilocin affects the brain in that it binds to serotonin receptors, due to its similar construction.

Physical Effects of Shrooms

The physical effects of magic mushrooms can be mild or intense. Shroom users may experience:

  • Numbness, particularly in the facial area
  • Higher heart rate and blood pressure
  • Dry mouth, which can sometimes lead to nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle weakness and twitching, or convulsions
  • Extra sensitive reflexes
  • Sweating and high body temperature (akin to fever), often followed by chills and shivering
  • Loss of urinary control

Mental Effects of Shrooms

Scared woman suffering from paranoia alone,The mental effects of magic mushrooms may include:

  • Distortion of one’s sense of reality (they see and hear things that are not there)
  • Confusion (they believe they can see music or hear colors)
  • Altered sense of time
  • Changes in mood
  • Light-headedness and loss of coordination
  • Anxiety and panic attacks
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Fear and paranoia

Recreational effects

Purportedly, various studies have been conducted in the 1960s. They have revealed that one can take them under the supervision of medical professionals. Above all, the doctors need to control the dosage and the environment. As a result, shrooms can have astoundingly positive attributes. Consequently,it was supposed to use them for treating various mental diseases and even addiction. However, scientists still need to do a lot more researches.
Other recreational properties and effects of magic mushrooms may include:

  • Enhancement of mood
  • Shrooms can bring about a euphoric state
  • They’ll trigger laughing and giggling (general feelings of happiness)
  • They can actuate an intense flow of creativity, which can occur in different forms
  • They’ll enhance insightfulness ideas
  • They can enhance a strong sense of creative energy
  • They’ll cause a strong feeling of wonder and awe
  • Shrooms can cause an uplifting sensation, spiritual awakening
  • They may decrease depression

Remember that recreational use may lead to dangerous consequences and troubles with law.

Neutral effects

Shrooms have a few, worthy-of-mention neutral effects. One should be aware of them before ingesting the fungus. These may include:

  • Becoming extremely aware of emotions and sensations
  • Dilation of pupils
  • Ability to retrieve “long lost” memories
  • Energetic experience (such as buzzing, humming) in one’s body
  • Slightly increased or decreased heart rate
  • “Stretchiness” physical sensation of limbs

Negative effects

People have reported Shrooms to be less damaging than any other hallucinogen or addictive substances. These include illicit or prescription drugs and even alcohol. However, one should certainly take into consideration the various negative effects they can have on the user. The negative effects of shrooms may include:

  • Headaches
  • Intense fear, followed by paranoia
  • Nausea usually occurs when people eat mushrooms raw or dried
  • Anxiety, due to a higher dose
  • Dizziness and confusion
  • Shrooms can exacerbate mental illness or trigger latent mental disorders
  • Disruption of attention
  • Dangerous repercussions when users mix it with alcohol
  • Problems with blood pressure

Long-term Effects of Shrooms

shrooms effectsPurportedly, some people have tried shrooms only once. However, that was enough to change certain patterns of their behavior for the next 14 months. That’s more than one year! Incidentally, this phenomenon does not occur in every user. Still, there have been a few cases in which people reported to have noticed some unusual feelings.
People who consume shrooms for a prolonged period may experience the following long-term effects:

  • Disconnected thoughts, i.e., Various changes in thinking patterns
  • False beliefs that have no basis in fact, i.e., Delusions
  • Continuous hallucinations
  • Volatile mood
  • Lack of organized behavior
  • Constant forgetfulness

Page Sources

  1. Daniel J., Haberman M. Clinical potential of psilocybin as a treatment for mental health conditions. Mental Health Clinician. 2018; 7(1): 24–28. doi:10.9740/mhc.2017.01.024.
  2. Pokorny T., Preller K. H., Kometer M., Dziobek I., Vollenweider F. X. Effect of Psilocybin on Empathy and Moral Decision-Making. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017; 20(9): 747–757. doi:10.1093/ijnp/pyx047.
  3. National Drug Intelligence Center. Psilocybin: Fast Facts. 2003.

Published on: March 13th, 2017

Updated on: September 1st, 2020

About Author

Peter J. Grinspoon, MD

Dr. Peter Grinspoon is an experienced physician with long-term clinical practice experience. As a former analgesic addict, Dr. Grinspoon knows precisely how important it is to provide patients with effective treatment and support. Medical writing for him is the way to communicate with people and inform them about their health.


Leave a comment

  • Sandra Buttigieg
    How can you heal from bizarre behaviours in relation to magic mushrooms please
    • The Truth
      im sorry but you don’t…
    • Ken M
      Try calling the attached phone number.
  • David Price
    Thank you for sharing! This would help if you use the magical mushroom for recreation but hopefully, this would be used in the medical field.
  • Noah Smith
    Thank you for sharing and spreading awareness! I hope that this magical plant would not be abused and misused. Everything, if used properly and moderately proves to be beneficial. I hope this could be the future treatment of a lot of diseases.
  • Deborah Smith
    This is such a help. Good to know the different effects that each mushroom offer. Awareness is still a key to safety. Now I can have my cheat sheet. Thanks for sharing.