Recognizing a Fentanyl Addiction
Fentanyl is a very potent opioid most commonly used to relieve severe pain after surgeries. Due to its highly abusive traits, Fentanyl addiction is quite common. Addiction refers to the dependence on a certain drug, which without it, the individual can no longer function properly. If you recognize that you or someone you love is unable to take responsibility and control over their Fentanyl use, they are probably addicted.
Fentanyl Addiction Signs
If you are wondering why the person cannot simply stop taking the drug, you have to know that Fentanyl use is a compulsive behavior. Just like any other opioid, Fentanyl binds to opioid receptors in the brain, which provide the user with the sensation of euphoria and happiness. Even though the addict is aware that what he/she does is wrong and harmful, they are unable to stop.
One of the main signs of Fentanyl addiction is tolerance. In time the user will need a larger dose and will have to take the drug more often to be able to experience the same high.
Some of the most common physical symptoms related to Fentanyl addiction are nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and shallow breathing. Breathing problems are common amongst opioid users because opioids act as a central nervous system depressant; therefore they can cause breathing issues, low heart rate, and low blood pressure.
Another indication of Fentanyl addiction is withdrawal symptoms. Those unpleasant and potentially life-threatening signs occur if a person suddenly stops taking the drug.
Some of the most common Fentanyl withdrawal symptoms may include:
- Muscle twitching
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Increased heart rate
Fentanyl Addiction Symptoms
They are important indicators be overlooked, especially if they continue for an extended period. Some of the symptoms that may occur during Fentanyl abuse are:
- Difficulty walking
- Muscle stiffness
- Slowed/altered heart rate
- Labored breathing
- Visual hallucinations
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itching & Scratching
- Pinpoint pupils
Dangers of Fentanyl Addiction
The most dangerous consequences of Fentanyl addiction are:
Overdose—Many Fentanyl overdose situations happen during a relapse because the person continues taking the same amount of the substance they used to take. Another issue that leads to overdose is mixing Fentanyl with other drugs or alcohol that intensify the effects of the drug.
Coma—Fentanyl is a central nervous system depressant, and it can depress breathing, cause cardiac arrest, and extremely lower blood pressure. All of these symptoms can lead to coma.
Death—If not treated immediately, Fentanyl overdose can be fatal.
How to Tell if Your Loved One is Addicted to Fentanyl and Needs Help
If you notice some of the following signs and symptoms in a person you love, immediately ask for help:
Irritability—a person is irritated and hostile when they do not have access to the drug.
Aggression is another form of dealing with drug cravings.
Sleeping issues—the person addicted to Fentanyl can experience drowsiness, but during the withdrawal period, insomnia can be a serious problem.
Relationship problems—Fentanyl users tend to avoid and neglect their family and friends.
Doctor shopping is quite common among Fentanyl addicts. They are in constant search for a new doctor who will prescribe them more medication.
Complaining about pain—Fentanyl addicts often complain about their pain. That way, they try to cover the true reason why they are taking the drug.
One of the most common signs of Fentanyl addiction are constricted, pinpoint pupils.
Skipping school—if the drug addict is a teenager, they will probably be skipping school to hang out with other users.
Refusing any other pain medication—when the doctor suggests other pain treatment options, the Fentanyl addict will probably resist it.
Problems at work— the drug user is unable to complete their work tasks correctly and on time.
Fentanyl addicts can experience nausea and vomiting.
Wearing long sleeves even when it is hot outside; Fentanyl addict will wear long sleeves to cover needle marks on their arms.
If you recognize some of the signs of Fentanyl addiction listed above, do not be afraid to ask for professional help before it is too late. You have to be aware that self-treatment is dangerous due to potentially life-threatening withdrawal symptoms.
Controlled detox in a specialized facility is the best and the safest option for a Fentanyl addict. There, the patient’s vital signs will continually be monitored, and if necessary, medication will be provided.
After the detox period, the best rehab option for Fentanyl addicts is inpatient treatment facility. These are specialized clinics that provide a struggling addict with everything they need—from the safe and controlled environment to individual and group counseling.
The main counseling goal is to find out why addiction occurred in the first place and to find new, healthy ways of dealing with everyday problems.