Shabu Drug: Understanding Side Effects and Filipino Social Dilemma

Last Updated: December 16, 2020

Authored by Olivier George, Ph.D.

Reviewed by Daniel Hochman, MD

Shabu is another stimulant name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, also known as crystal meth. The use of shabu continues to grow, and addiction to meth remains the most significant drug problem in the Philippines. Typically, the drugs are used to generate a sense of delight, elevate wakefulness and physical activity.

This drug doesn’t have any medical use. Recreational use of Shabu drugs is considered abuse and should be treated. Possessing, purchasing, or selling it is prohibited and can be prosecuted.

Shabu Abuse and Addiction

There are different ways that users administer meth. Currently, the most common method is by smoking, injecting, snorting, pill, or ingestion.

Other Nicknames And Street Names For Shabu Include:

  • Siopao
  • Ubas
  • Sha
  • Speed
  • Meth
  • Crank
  • Glass
  • Blade
  • Quartz
  • and ice

It is likely to build up a tolerance to shabu drugs, which implies that the individual utilizing it needs to take more significant doses to achieve a similar impact, which creates a risk of a meth overdose. After some time, the body may come to rely on it to function regularly. The individual craves the Shabu drug, and their mental dependence makes them restless if access is denied, even temporarily.

Signs and Symptoms of Meth Abuse

The pleasurable effects of Shabu disappear even before the drug span in the blood falls significantly. Users try to maintain the effects by consuming more of the drug.

Sad man hiding his face with hands.

On some occasions, people indulge in binging prior to food and sleep while continuing to take the Shabu drug for quite a few days; causing severe symptoms of meth abuse to appear, including:

  • Increased anxiety, tension, irritability, irrational behavior, talkativeness, and loss of self-control
  • Results in loss of appetite
  • Euphoria, elation
  • Acute psychotic reactions, violent and destructive behavior, and recklessness may result in accidents
  • Sweating, hypertension, hyperthermia, insomnia, tremors, seizures, and an increased heart rate

Shabu Side Effects

Like any illicit drug, Shabu can produce some severe side effects. Chronic shabu use may lead to death, as well. Here are the most common short term and long term side effects:

Short-Term Side Effects

When taken, shabu or meth create a false sense of comfort and liveliness, and so a person will incline to push his body faster and more than it is meant to go. Consequently, drug users can undergo a severe “crash” or physical and mental breakdown after the drugs’ effects are over.

Other Serious Effects Can Also Include:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Decreased appetite
  • Increased aggressiveness
  • Euphoria and rush
  • Increased respiration
  • Rapid/irregular heartbeat
  • Hyperthermia

Long-Term Side Effects

People who inject Shabu are at increased risk of facing psychiatric consequences as the significant feature of chronic meth abuse and dependency. Reduced ability to manage problems and complications in confronting reality is shared.

Prolonged Use Can Lead to:

  • Psychosis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid delusions
  • Auditory
  • Paranoia, which may lead to violent and aggressive behavior
  • Difficulty in concentrating and remembering things
  • Visual hallucinations
  • Loss of desire for sex, drive, or enthusiasm may also change
  • Severe irritation of the nasal passages
  • Prone to frequent nosebleeds
  • Renal damage, heart disease, and stroke
  • Sores on the body and tooth decay

Moreover, injecting Sha from contaminated needles may lead to the risk of infections resulting in inflammation of blood vessels (Endocarditis), blood poisoning (Septicemia), and the most dreaded disease AIDS, all of which can lead to death. Quitting Shabu causes the appearance of meth withdrawal symptoms, which need to be treated.

Phillippine’s Shabu Problem

The most frequently used drug in the Philippines is a street version of Amphetamine known as Shabu drug or “poor man’s cocaine.” As per the 2012 United Nations report, the Philippines had the highest rate of shabu abuse among countries in East Asia; about 2.2% of Filipinos between the ages of 16–64 were meth users.

The critical problem is the usage of hazardous substances in the production of the drug. New inclinations in illegal drug happenings have arisen with time.

Some Of the Risky Ingredients Drug Labs Use Include:

  • As of 2012, the evolving and abuse of “poppers,” a kind of inhalant, and elements such as mephentermine have also been supervised.
  • Additional new style applied by drug syndicates in their drug trafficking activities is the use of chemicals not listed as unsafe drugs to produce amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), such as methyl ephedrine and sodium hydroxide.
  • The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency is also examining the involvement of Shabu with other drugs and constituents to produce a new creation of ATS, one of which is “milkshake,” a mixture of Shabu and Nubain.·
  • Other new developing trends on trafficking and abuse of drugs and illegal constituents are carefully monitored, assessed, and calculated by PDEA.
  • Also, most meth found on the street may be cut (mixed) with some other dangerous substances, for example, heroin or PCP.
  • Shabu “laboratories” are also an environmental hazard. The process of making the drug creates explosive chemical compounds and harmful fumes. As a result, these laboratories are extremely dangerous to be in or around. However, for those willing to take the risk, the drug turns a considerable profit.

Currently, production is mainly in small, underground labs as well as industrial-grade labs in the Philippines. Tragically, many of the larger laboratories are owned by powerful Chinese drug lords.

The Consequences of the Shabu Epidemic

As President Rodrigo Duterte anticipated office in 2016, the Philippine government held a nationwide anti-drug movement based on enforcement-led anti-illegal drugs strategies mainly applied by the national police. This was followed by a wave of killings caused by both acknowledged police actions and by anonymous attackers.

The main issue behind the high levels of addiction in the Philippines is the lack of treatment prospects. The Philippines has almost 50 treatment centers across its whole archipelago. In a country with a large population with at least 720,000 confessed abusers of the drug, this essentially isn’t a massive amount of centers to support all those in need. This indicates that many individuals who require treatment don’t receive it and continue to stay dependent upon Shabu until they are at a point of no return.

Guy selling shabu drug on the street.

Individuals who were executed were generally low-level drugs suspects. The sequential form examination shows the pattern of killings in the country, with rapid growth starting in July 2016 and lasting till the rest of that year. Over 8000 people were killed in this war. Apparent reduction followed during the period when the ‘drug war’ was postponed, and actions were moved to a non-police enforcement unit and upsurge again when police were taken back into operations. The spatial analysis highlights a massive number of deaths in the National Capital Region than the rest of the country, with vast differences throughout cities and regions.

A Risky Business for the Middle Man

Usually, owning and transporting Ice has huge risks of charges. Police typically initiate by stopping the vehicle and then inspecting the whole vehicle. In case Shabu is found, a serious felony charge will be positioned against that person.

The Philippines has a compulsory policy of no bail. As per article II, section 4, the penalty of life imprisonment to death and around five hundred thousand pesos (p500,000.00) to ten million pesos (p10,000,000.00) shall be imposed upon any individual, who, unless approved by law, shall bring in or import any dangerous drug in the Philippines, depending upon the quantity and adulteration.

According to the new law in China, illegal drugs manufacturers and suppliers will face a minimum of seven years in prison. Police in China have also started to track down the sale and use of meth, with drug-related legal proceedings growing around 80 percent from 2007 to 2011. A report published in 2015 stated the arrest of about one million drug users in China.

The Addiction Treatment process for ice abuse

The Philippine Government now estimates that approximately 4.7 million people are involved in the use and trafficking of illicit drugs. While exploration is ongoing, there are presently no government-approved medications to treat shabu addiction. Its misuse can be stopped, and dependence on the drug can be treated with behavioral remedies. The most effective actions for shabu addiction so far are behavioral therapies, such as:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps patients identify, escape, and manage the situations that likely initiate drug use.
  • Motivational incentives, which use vouchers or small cash rewards to inspire patients to stay drug-free.

Research also continues for the growth of medicines and additional new treatments for meth use, comprising vaccines and noninvasive stimulation of the brain through magnetic fields.

Group of people support a sad man.

People can and do recover from shabu addiction if they have complete entree to operative treatments that address the gathering of medical and personal problems consequential from long-term use.

 


Page Sources

  1. Republic of philippines, facts about drugs, https://pdea.gov.ph/drug-trends/facts-about-drugs#shabu
  2. University of the Philippines, PH, Mellissa Withers, The Manila Declaration on the Drug Problem in the Philippines, 2019 Mar 5, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6634291/
  3. Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency, the philippine drug situation, 2012, https://pdea.gov.ph/images/AnnualReport/2012AR/2012PhilippineDrugSituation.pdf
  4. Jenna Mae L Atun, The Philippines' antidrug campaign: Spatial and temporal patterns of killings linked to drugs, 2019 Nov, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31446164/
  5. Sean O’Connor, Policy Analyst, Economics and Trade, Meth Precursor Chemicals from China: Implications for the United States, July 18, 2016, https://www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/Research/Staff%20Report_PrecursorChemicalReport%20071816_0.pdf
  6. Congress of the Philippines, Twelfth Congress, First Regular Session, REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9165 June 7, 2002, http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/research/Philippines/RA_9165.html
  7. United States Department of State Bureau for International Narcotics and Law, Enforcement Affairs International Narcotics Control Strategy Report, March 2018, https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/2018-INCSR-Vol.-I.pdf

Published on: March 16th, 2017

Updated on: December 16th, 2020

About Author

Olivier George, Ph.D.

Olivier George is a medical writer and head manager of the rehab center in California. He spends a lot of time in collecting and analyzing the traditional approaches for substance abuse treatment and assessing their efficiency.

Medically Reviewed by

Daniel Hochman, MD

Dr. Daniel Hochman is a board certified Psychiatrist and leader in the field of addiction. He is the creator of a revolutionary online addiction recovery program, selfrecovery.org. Dr. Hochman advocates for using strategies proven through hard science, and describes them in ways that are easy to understand and incorporate into one’s life. His treatment approach focuses on the underlying emotional causes of addiction to achieve a deep, lasting life change.