Hydrocodone bitartrate homatropine is a narcotic anti-cough medicine. The opioid in this combination acts directly on the brain to suppress the cough reflex. The homatropine component is included to prevent an overdose of the opioid. Let’s find out more about the uses, side effects, warnings, and interaction of this medicine as well as its potential for abuse and addiction.
Table of Contents
What Is Hydrocodone Homatropine?
This is a combination medication that is used to treat a dry cough in adults and children above age 6. It includes a centrally-acting opioid as well as homatropine to prevent narcotic overdose. Hydrocodone homatropine syrup for pain may be prescribed to patients with lung cancer to treat both cough and pain. This narcotic cough suppressant is available only with a doctor’s prescription. In addition to n350 hydrocodone which is the tablet form, the drug is also available as an oral syrup or solution. The generic name of the medication is hydrocodone and homatropine, and it is available under different brand names including:
The opioid component of the drug has a direct effect on the cough center in the brain to suppress coughing. The homatropine component counteracts the opioid and prevents an overdose.
Proper Administration of Hydrocodone-Homatropine Syrup and Tablets
Prolonged use of opioids can lead to physical and mental dependence. If treatment is stopped suddenly, it can lead to symptoms of hydrocodone withdrawal. That’s why it is important to take hydrocodone homatropine tablets or syrup exactly as directed by a physician. The drug may become habit-forming if an individual takes more of the medicine, takes it more often, or takes it for longer than prescribed. For correct use of the medication, keep in mind:
- The tablet should be swallowed whole without being crushed, chewed, or broken.
- Take medicine with food – hydrocodone on an empty stomach can cause gastrointestinal upset.
- The syrup should be measured with an appropriate measuring device (household spoons are not accurate dose measures).
- Do not double up after a missed dose. Skip the missed dose and continue on the regular schedule.
- Store the medication at room temperature, away from moisture, direct light, and heat. Do not freeze. Keep out of reach of children.
- Dispose of unused medication as directed by a healthcare professional.
The medicine comes in different doses and strengths. The following formulations include 5 mg of the opioid and 1.5 mg homatropine:
- oral solution (5 mg/1.5 mg)/5 mL – Hydromet
- hydrocodone-homatropine 5-1.5 mg/5ml syrup – Hycodan
- hydrocodone homatropine 5 1.5mg tab – Tussigon
Possible Adverse Effects of Hycodan
Side effects of the opioid component of hydrocodone and homatropine syrup include:
- Slowed breathing
- Drowsiness and lethargy
- Palpitations and heart rhythm abnormalities
- Dry mouth
- Flushing, sweating, itching
- Constipation, nausea, vomiting
- Mental clouding
- Respiratory arrest or cardiac arrest
Adverse effects of the anticholinergic component, i.e., homatropine, include:
- Vascular congestion and edema
- Increase in intraocular pressure
- Follicular conjunctivitis
The following serious side effects require getting emergency help:
- Difficult or labored breathing
- Irregular breathing (fast or slow)
- Shallow breathing
- Blue lips, skin, or fingernails
- Decreased urination (volume or frequency)
- Pain or difficulty with urination (dribbling)
Hydrocodone Homatropine Syrup and Tablets: Warnings and Precautions
There is a risk of fatal adverse effects if this combination medicine of opioid and homatropine is taken with alcohol or other drugs that slow breathing or cause drowsiness. This risk is highest in children and people who use the medication without a prescription. Some of the precautions while taking hydrocodone homatropine include:
- Do not drive or perform hazardous activities (operate heavy machinery, climb ladders) until the effect of the medicine is known.
- Avoid taking while pregnant or breastfeeding to prevent opioid dependence in the baby.
- The medicine is not approved for use in children under age 6.
- Seek immediate medical attention in case of shallow breathing, extreme drowsiness, or profound weakness.
Who Should Avoid Hycodan?
Anyone who has had a previous allergic reaction to hydrocodone bit/homat syrup or other generic for hydrocodone should avoid taking medicine. In addition, the narcotic antitussive can potentially worsen the following conditions and should be used with caution in people who have:
- Breathing trouble or asthma
- Increased pressure in the head or head injury
- Addison’s disease
- Thyroid disorders
- Substance abuse
- Urination problems or enlarged prostate
- Kidney or liver diseases
- Gastrointestinal problems
Drug Interactions of Hydrocodone Homatropine
The narcotic antitussive with homatropine contains an opioid that adds to the effect of alcohol and other CNS depressants. Drug interactions with the following types of medicines can make a person profoundly drowsy and lead to other serious side effects:
- Antihistamines for cold and allergy
- Tranquilizers, sedatives, and sleep aids
- Other opioid pain medicines
- Anti-seizure medications (barbiturates)
- Anesthetics including dental anesthetics
- Muscle relaxants
The interaction between hydrocodone homatropine syrup or tablets and any of the above-mentioned drugs can result in fatal respiratory depression. That’s why it is essential to inform a doctor about all the medications or supplements one is on before beginning use of this narcotic antitussive with homatropine.
Hycodan Cough Syrup Addiction
Some people may become addicted to a hydrocodone narcotic cough medicine in as little as two weeks, while others may not develop a dependence even after months of use. It depends on age, height and weight, metabolism, and the severity of abuse. Following an oral hydrocodone 10 mg dose, the maximum serum level of the drug is achieved 1 to 1.5 hours later. Risk factors that increase the chances of addiction to hydrocodone bitartrate and homatropine methylbromide syrup and tablets include a prior history of substance abuse in self or family or a history of crushing the pills or snorting hydrocodone acetaminophen to get a quick, powerful high.
Many people begin abusing narcotic antitussives to achieve rapid euphoria similar to the effects of heroin. In fact, abuse of prescription opioids is often a precursor to street drug abuse. Opioids are powerful substances that create artificial feelings of pleasure, reward, and satisfaction. Consistent use of these medicines leads to tolerance with progressively higher doses needed to achieve the same effects.
Abusing opioid-containing prescription medicines with homatropine can lead to addiction, overdose, and death. That’s why getting off hydrocodone with the help of professional addiction treatment specialists is so important.
Detoxification and Rehabilitation from Hydromet Hydrocodone Addiction
It is possible to overcome dependence on narcotic cough suppressants by undergoing treatment for hydrocodone addiction. People who have taken the drug for a few weeks or longer are at high risk of intense and potentially dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Help is available at top-rated addiction treatment centers to withdraw safely from hydrocodone with homatropine. Doctors will recommend either short-term detoxification or an extended period of gradual withdrawal over weeks or months to come off narcotic antitussive and homatropine combination.
Find the Help
If one is addicted to hydrocodone/homatropine, call our free helpline (888)-459-5511 for more information on the right treatment option. Advisors are available to answer the questions on narcotic dependence, give more information on safe withdrawal from opioids, and guide towards enduring recovery from prescription medication abuse. Calls are always confidential and secure.
- HYCODAN (Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Homatropine Methylbromide) TABLETS AND ORAL SOLUTION, https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2017/005213s038lbl.pdf
- HYDROCODONE BITARTRATE AND HOMATROPINE METHYLBROMIDE- hydrocodone bitartrate and homatropine methylbromide solution, https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=7d45e534-338b-4c98-b85f-edd19a287e14