Snorting Heroin: Signs and Side Effects of Sniffing Smack
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Addicts smoke, inject, or snort heroin for the intense surge of euphoria it produces. This is followed by a heroin nod, which is a state of altered consciousness or being “out of it.”
There are various heroin nicknames on the street. The drug is available in various forms, commonly as a brown or white powder or a sticky black tar-like substance. Is one method of administration more dangerous than others? How does snorting compare to injecting? Read on to learn more about snorting heroin symptoms and the risks of this route of administration.
Table of Contents
Can Heroin Be Snorted?
People use opioids for their euphoric and analgesic effects. These drugs activate the pleasure centers in the brain and create a feeling of detachment from reality. Can one sniff heroin? Yes, heroin users administer the drug in a number of ways, including smoking, injecting, and sniffing heroin. Can one snort heroin? Yes, snorting involves inhaling heroin powder forcefully into the nasal cavity through a rolled-up piece of paper, banknote, or straw.
Injecting a substance directly into the bloodstream produces a high within a few seconds. Heroin snorted is absorbed more slowly and can take up to 10 minutes to produce an effect. Although not as quick as the injected method of administration, snorting allows the illicit substance to enter the bloodstream and cross the blood-brain barrier relatively quickly. A heroin snort, therefore, provides a fast and direct route for the drug to reach the brain. This produces a rapid and intense high which many addicts crave.
Addicts commonly take a powdered form of an illicit substance and forcefully inhale it into the nasal cavity. Many people prefer heroin insufflation as the method of use because it produces an intense rush of euphoria. The drug gets absorbed through the mucous membranes of the nose and directly enters the blood and brain. Snorting heroin cause significant harm to a mucous membrane and a whole body, however, it is possible to reduce some risks linked with this way of taking:
- Do not share snorting equipment such as straws or banknotes to avoid the spread of infections through microscopic specks of blood.
- Rinse the nostril after snorting to remove excess substance and reduce the risk of damage to the nasal mucosa.
- Alternate snorting between nostrils to minimize the risk of damage.
Why Addicts Snort Heroin
There are many reasons why addicts prefer snorting over injection. There is a greater social stigma attached to intravenous drug abuse compared to other types of administration. Snorting heroin is usually chosen by people who are averse to needles and needle sticks. It also does not require liquefying the substance. There is no need for specialized equipment such as a syringe and needles. Addicts who want to avoid the tell-tale signs of drug use, such as track marks on the arms, also prefer methods such as smoking and snorting. Because it does not involve needlesticks, there is a reduced risk of infections such as hepatitis and HIV with nasal insufflation.
There is a misconception among some addicts that snorting black tar heroin or other forms of this illegal substance is less dangerous than injecting it. Some people are under the false impression that snortable heroin is less addictive compared to the injected form.
Side Effects of Snorting Heroin
In addition to the short-term effects of abuse, the use of this substance can lead to a number of long-term health problems including difficulty breathing. Extended use can lead to liver and kidney disease, skin infections, lung complications, and blood vessel collapse. Addiction to this drug can prove fatal because many addicts do not know how much heroin to snort before they overdose. In addition to the usual risks and complications of substance abuse, there are a number of additional side effects of snorting heroin, including:
- Breathing problems
- Loss of smell sense
- Infections such as hepatitis C
- Damage to the nasal mucosa, septum, and sinuses
- Perforation of the nasal septum
Some street dealers cut an illicit substance with a cheaper adulterant for a profit incentive. Fentanyl is often used to cut heroin and is an extremely potent substance itself that is fat-soluble. Heroin and fentanyl mixture is able to cross the blood-brain barrier even more quickly, and this can result in a snorting heroin overdose that can prove lethal.
Recognizing Signs of Snorting Heroin
How can one recognize that someone is using snorted heroin? What does a heroin face look like? In addition to the usual signs and symptoms of addiction, there are some specific physical signs that can indicate that a person might be using an illicit substance by insufflation:
- Runny nose
- Constant sniffling
- Frequent nosebleeds
- Recurrent nose infections or sinus problems
- One-sided nasal inflammation
- A hole in the nasal septum (the wall between the two nostrils)
Other red flags include things such as residues of brown or white powder on furniture, rolled up pieces of paper with a unique smell, and straws or other paraphernalia of drug use. In addition, the signs of addiction such as changes in social behavior, grooming habits, and meeting deadlines can be indicators of a drug habit.
Kicking the Heroin Habit
Opioids are extremely potent substances with a high risk of addiction and overdose. What might begin as an experiment or occasional heroin snorting can quickly turn into full-blown abuse. But there is hope for people struggling with an addiction to these dangerous substances. The first step is the need to understand the grave dangers of using them.
Snorting heroin withdrawal can produce many uncomfortable symptoms. For this reason, detox without medical supervision can be dangerous. Professional addiction therapy can help recovering addicts withdraw safely from this substance and achieve long-term abstinence. A number of inpatient and outpatient drug rehab centers around the country offer programs to help addicts get on the road to recovery.
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