Ecstasy Overdose: Why Molly Is Not Your Mate!
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What are the signs of an ecstasy overdose?
Ecstasy is a stimulant and a hallucinogen at the same time. As such, it can cause high levels of energy, seizures, increased heart rate, depression and distorted perception. The leading causes of death are related to intoxication due to a drug cocktail, hyperthermia or low sodium levels in the blood. In the case of an overdose, call 911.
Ecstasy Overdose: Can You Dance?
Ecstasy or MDMA is a curious drug, which acts as a stimulant and a hallucinogen at the same time. Mostly, due to its powerful effects that give the user a kick of energy and blissfulness, the drug is a popular rave drug. For example, imagine dancing all night on the waves of the electronic music and feeling completely in harmony with the universe! If that sounds too good, have in mind that one morning you might not wake up.
MDMA Overdose Symptoms
Sometimes it’s hard to spot the warning symptoms of an ecstasy overdose as you might be too overwhelmed by its effects, such as euphoria, high levels of energy and distorted perception. The risk of an ecstasy overdose is greater when the drug is combined with other popular club substances, such as alcohol, marijuana or cocaine, which can lead to intoxication. In fact, data reveals that 70% of all ecstasy overdose ER visits include the mix with other drugs.
How Does Ecstasy Affect The Brain?
The use of MDMA results in the release of three chemicals in the brain: serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.
Mainly due to its effects on the serotonin levels, when the drug wears off, one can feel:
Panic attacks are also a common sign of an overdose. Thus, all these symptoms can lead to suicidal thoughts and real attempts.
How Does Ecstasy Affect The Body?
Ecstasy leads to many dangerous changes in the body functioning:
- Loss of consciousness
- Inability to sweat or urinate
- Variations in the heart rhythm
Maybe one of the biggest signs of an overdose is the dangerous increase in the body temperature. Overall, it can lead to severe heart and kidney damage, which can be lethal.
How Much Is Lethal?
Like we said earlier, ecstasy overdose often happens due to the combination of many drugs and exhaustion. The usual dose is between 80 and 160 mg. However, users claim that a lethal dose is above 0.5 gr. Remember, though, that it all depends on some individual differences, the quality of the product and the history of abuse. There’s no safe side!
Ecstasy & Death
Some of the ecstasy-related deaths involve:
- Hyperthermia – High body temperature can damage many organs and lead to death. Heatstroke is often worsened by the rave environment, characterized by many people and lack of fresh air (street parties are not an exception).
- Heart attack – High levels of energy and an increase in the heart and the blood rate may result in a heart attack, especially for users with some health condition.
- Hyponatremia – If we said that Molly abuse leads to dehydration, now let’s mention that ecstasy overdose can lead to hyponatremia, which is the excessive amount of water in the body, and death. Isn’t that ironic, one might ask? Well, MDMA makes the user thirsty but at the same time leads to water retention (no sweating or urinating). As a consequence, the user might continue drinking water, which can result in a fatal decrease in the sodium level in the blood.
Ecstasy Overdose Treatment: Goodbye, Molly!
If you notice any signs of an ecstasy overdose in you or your loved ones, call 911 immediately! Meanwhile, make sure to:
- Provide a safe environment
- Drink water (but not too much water) or even better – other liquids
- Apply cooling patches if possible
- The hospital treatment in the case of an overdose might include:
- Providing oxygen
- Monitoring the heart
- Performing gastrointestinal decontamination
- Maintaining the right body temperature
- Using benzos in the case of severe shivering
If you survive an overdose and realize that you finally need help for your drug addiction, find the right rehabilitation facility that suits your needs, finances and family life.
For more information, check the most updated treatment page. Say goodbye to your party mate Molly and say hello to sobriety!
- Ramcharan S. et al. Survival after massive ecstasy overdose. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology. 1998; 36(7):727-31. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9865243.
- A fatal case of Ecstasy poisoning. Paediatrics & Child Health. 2001; 6(7): 491. doi:10.1093/pch/6.7.491. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2807764/.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ecstasy Overdoses at a New Year’s Eve Rave. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2010; 59(22); 677-681. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5922a1.htm.
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Calls to our general hotline may be answered by Delphi Behavioral Health Group or other treatment providers.