Demerol is an opioid painkiller. It’s most commonly prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain, especially after surgeries. Because it is a highly abused drug, it shouldn’t be used longer than two days.
Despite many dangerous side effects, many people use Demerol for non-therapeutic purposes. Similarly to heroin, Demerol induces a state of euphoria and relaxation.
Nonetheless, this drug can cause both physical and psychological dependence.
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Demerol Mechanism Of Action
The main ingredient is meperidine—a synthetic opioid painkiller that is highly addictive. When a person is using Demerol regularly, their neurons become used to the substance. This process takes place in the reward system in one’s brain. This mechanism is the cause why cravings, euphoria, and withdrawal symptoms occur. It takes a lot of time for the brain to recover from drug use, and in some cases, the changes in the brain can be permanent.
Those structural brain changes can also cause certain psychological issues such as:
- Aggressive behavior
Users describe the Demerol high as the pleasant, happy feelings that feel shortly after its intake. Doses for recreational purpose can vary from 50 mg to 150 mg, depending on one’s tolerance to the drug, as well as an individual’s height and weight.
It’s firmly not recommended to exaggerate the prescribed dose, as it can lead to appearance of side effects and abuse.
One of the drugs most important therapeutic effects is instant pain relief, which is also one of the reasons why recreational users opt for this substance—to achieve an immediate “high.” Because it affects the reward system in the brain, this medicine can also induce feelings of delight and glee.
Even though Demerol high triggers instant pain relief, joy, elation, and serenity. It can also bring about a host of unpleasant effects which include:
- Stomach problems
- Low blood pressure
- Low heart rate
- Constricted pupils
Furthermore, combining Demerol with other drugs or alcohol can intensify its effects. Thus, it can be life-threatening. Additionally, some users snort the substance and even inject it. They do it by directly injecting it into their bloodstream to feel its effects quickly.
One of the most severe consequences of recreational use is an overdose.
- Shallow breathing
- Low blood pressure
- Slow heart rate
- Stomach pain
- Low body temperature
- Cardiac arrest
Due to extreme respiratory depression, overdose can be fatal. If the symptoms mentioned above are noticed, immediately call 9-1-1.
Demerol Withdrawal Symptoms
Demerol high withdrawal symptoms kick in only six hours after the last dose of the drug. Some of the symptoms include but are not limited to:
- Muscle pain
- Dry mouth
- Runny nose
Some of the withdrawal symptoms can last for weeks. Due to a potentially life-threatening situation during this period, medical supervision is necessary.
Demerol Addiction Treatment
The first step toward Demerol addiction recovery is detoxification. It first starts in a hospital or other specialized clinics under medical supervision. Vital signs will constantly be monitored. Going “cold turkey” is strictly forbidden. To avoid potentially life-threatening withdrawal symptoms, the doctor will taper the dose. They will keep tapering the dose until the drug is completely out of one’s system. Sometimes, they can use medications to ease unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. In those cases, they will use naltrexone and methadone.
Once a person finishes detox, they can sign into an inpatient rehab center. In the controlled and safe center, a Demerol user can get all the help they need to maintain sobriety.
Addiction treatment is mostly based on counseling, individual, and group therapy. The main goal is to determine why addiction occurred and to help drug user learn new, functional ways of dealing with everyday issues.
And last but not least, having encouraging, loving, and non-judgmental people around (like family members) can greatly play into a person’s recovery.
- Robert W. Rasor, H. James Crecraft. Addiction to meperidine (demerol) hydrochloride. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1955. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/299427
- Eisendrath SJ, Goldman B, Douglas J, et al. Meperidine-induced delerium. Am J Psychiatry 1987;144:1062–5.
- Walker DJ, Zacny ZP. Subjective, psychomotor, and physiological effects of cumulative doses of opioid agonists in healthy volunteers. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1999;289:1454–64.