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Smoking Crack And Its Effects On Unborn Babies

What is Crack Baby Syndrome?

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As one of the most addictive drugs around, crack can be difficult to overcome, even for those who are pregnant. Crack and sex is widespread use of the stimulant. However, continuing the abuse of the drug during pregnancy can have even more gruesome, adverse effects than normally.
The result of taking the stimulant while pregnant is crack baby syndrome. This syndrome can have a huge impact on the child’s life and harm them in both the short and long term. So what is a crack baby and what does the syndrome do to the child?

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Table Of Contents:

Crack Baby Syndrome

The crack baby syndrome occurs when the mother is regularly smoking crack while pregnant. Smoking crack cocaine while pregnant can have dire effects on a child. Children born under the influence of the substance are known as crack babies. Crack babies are often born with several issues.

The effects of crack on babies mean they sometimes suffer from lower birth weight and many other physical and psychological symptoms, including:

  • Developmental issues in mind and organs – reduced oxygen means organs don’t develop correctly. This, in turn, creates mental issues and physical problems.
  • Body abnormalities – The body develops in ways it shouldn’t, creating smaller limbs, organs, etc.
  • Lower life expectancy – Often down to the body not developing sufficiently to sustain itself, this is one of the long-term effects of crack.
  • Coordination issues – Down to the brain not developing correctly. Children with motor issues will often struggle to be coordinated, learn to walk or talk.

Those born with the crack baby syndrome also tend to struggle with a susceptibility to the drug themselves. Babies addicted to crack often suffer from withdrawal in the earliest stages of their life and even if they can overcome withdrawal, they tend to go back to the drug in later life.

The Risks of Crack Use to the Pregnant Woman

Crack use during pregnancy is not only dangerous to the child, but also the woman using. As well as all the normal dangers of taking the drug; which are considerable, there are also other dangers just related to pregnancy.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the risks include:

  • Anemia
  • Being more prone to disease
  • Being more prone to postnatal depression and anxiety – enhanced because of crack feelings and withdrawal
  • Migraines and seizures
  • Spontaneous miscarriage
  • A difficult delivery
  • Premature membrane rupture
  • Premature delivery – This often leads to a crack babies development being impaired

The drugs use during pregnancy also enhances a lot of the other effects of the drug. The chemical reactions that take place in the body during pregnancy, often do not react well to the substance. That is why it is increasingly important to avoid any form of cocaine while with a child.

Stay Away From the Drug

Crack can be dangerous and addictive in any circumstance. However, it is especially dangerous while pregnant. Women taking crack are no longer just affecting themselves with the drug, but their child too. This makes it all the more important to avoid the drug and try to get clean.

Despite this, getting clean from any drug one is addicted to is not easy. Addiction can mean a constant battle against the mind and body. This means, to stay away from the substance, it is likely that one will need a professional assistance.

Women smoking crack can find some programs available to help them cut down and gradually end their use of the stimulant. These programs will provide both physical and psychological support while the withdrawal process is undergoing. There is also support for after withdrawal is completed.

The reason for the various treatment programs specifically for those who are pregnant is because of the danger drugs create for both parent and child. Smoking crack while pregnant adds new dangers to an already volatile situation and therefore the situation needs to be managed as effectively as possible. Many users are unsure whether one can overdose on crack and continue to use while pregnant. For this reason, as well as others that help to educate users, the treatment programs are vital.

Programs for pregnant stimulant users include inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment, and various forms of psychological support. Choosing the right program is important, as it gives the greatest chance of having a healthy life. However, staying clear of the drug while pregnant also takes a degree of self-restraint and desire from the user. There is a need to recognize one is no longer just getting clean for oneself. Now, a substance abuser have the weight of two lives to fight for, which is a great reason to push themselves to remove the substance from the life.

Finding The Most Suitable Help

As aforementioned, it is important to find the most suitable help for this situation. Crack use while pregnant creates different issues to the standard use of the drug. This means one needs to find a dedicated treatment program for the niche issue.

If one chooses to utilize an inpatient treatment program, then there’ll be round the clock care available. This means both medical support, psychological support, and help in getting off the drug. This form of care also brings lots of structure and will professionally guide through every step.

On the other hand, outpatient care allows a patient to remain flexible. Despite this, one will still get both psychological and physical support. However, one fit it around the lifestyle they get used to.

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For further information on the right kind of treatment available, contact a medical professional. To receive a second opinion, where to find a treatment center or any other information, please call our hotline at (888)-459-5511.

Medically Reviewed By Michael Espelin APRN
Isaak Stotts

About Author

Isaak Stotts, LP

Isaak Stotts is an in-house medical writer in AddictionResource. Isaak learned addiction psychology at Aspen University and got a Master's Degree in Arts in Psychology and Addiction Counseling. After graduation, he became a substance abuse counselor, providing individual, group, and family counseling for those who strive to achieve and maintain sobriety and recovery goals.


Leave a comment

  • Mimi
    Does it also affect the baby when the man smokes it during impregnation?
    • Guy
      Yea you won’t be there ever
  • Yemi
    What are the steps someone can do while pregnant