How to Kill Food Addiction, the Life Threatening Problem of Millions?1,2,3
Today, there are 700 million humans suffering from obesity which increases cardiovascular diseases, cancer and depression and many other diseases.1,2 How has obesity become one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century?3
There are a few answers to this question:
- Ingredients in processed food 4
- Technology related inactive lifestyle5
- Food addiction6
How do we get addicted to specific foods?
How Does our Brain Decide What to eat?
Our brain works simply. If something is beneficial, it’s accepted, if not, it’s rejected. For centuries humans were not able to find food easily. Therefore, those who had the ability to seek and find food, passed their genes onto future generations. Hundreds of generations later, when it comes to food, our brain has developed a way to communicate with the body. Highly sugary food and drinks increase levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. It, in turn, increases the activity of our reward system.
However, that what seems beneficial to our brain, in time can end up causing problems for us. Why? Because, just like with drugs, we start to build a dependence and tolerance, meaning that the brain grows accustomed to the high levels of dopamine it releases. To achieve this it needs more and more of the substance, in this case- food. Over time, we eat more and more as the reward becomes smaller and smaller. At the same time the reward center and the prefrontal cortex is hijacked, affecting control, decision making and judgment.8
A Very Serious Problem1,2,3,9,10
According to studies funded by the National Institutes of Health, when scans were compared, food addicts showed the same changes in their brains as cocaine addicts. This just highlights the dangerous nature of food addiction.
The short-term physical effect associated with dopamine and endogenous opiate release in the brain reward center is low-level euphoria, a decrease in both anxiety and emotional pain. However, the psychological effects can last years, leading to even bigger issues than before the addiction. Often relationships with family and friends are strongly affected, as food becomes first priority. It takes over every aspect of life, making you unable to function in society.9,10
You may Have Food Addiction if you Have These Symptoms:9,10
- Continuing to eat certain foods even if no longer hungry, even to the point of feeling sick
- Gorging on more food than one can physically tolerate
- Trying to hide consumption from others
- Avoiding social interactions, relationships, or functions to spend time eating certain foods
- Issues functioning in a job due to lower levels of efficiency
- Spending large amounts of money buying certain foods to binge on
- Decreased energy, chronic fatigue
- Sleep disorders
- Difficulty concentrating
- Digestive disorders
- Suicidal ideations
Food Addiction Questionnaire
Experts developed the questionnaire below about actions describing food addiction. If any of these actions relate to your life, you may have a food addiction.11
- End up eating more than planned when you start eating certain foods
- Keep eating certain foods even if you’re no longer hungry
- Eat to the point of feeling ill
- Worry about not eating certain types of foods or worry about cutting down on certain types of foods
- When certain foods aren’t available, go out of your way to obtain them
If you’ve said yes to one or more of these questions, you may have a food addiction. You may consider visiting a specialist, to catch this disease before it progresses. But don’t worry, what’s important is being able to admit it. That’s the first step to recovery.
Treating Food Addiction
Living with any addiction is difficult and potentially life-threatening. Its effects on a person’s health, career, family, and future are tremendous and often severe. In addition, an addiction is rarely resolved on its own. Food addiction is no exception. That’s why early intervention and treatment is imperative. Here at AddictionResource.com we’ll help you find the perfect treatment designed to help reestablish a healthy relationship with food and allow you return to a healthy and nourishing life.
To learn more about eating disorders and addiction click here.